Image processing is a fairly recent technology that is increasingly being adopted for assistance in research and development in the field of agriculture. Its use in this domain has seen a notable increase in productivity through the accurate determination and control of several critical factors in agricultural processes. The positive outcomes linked to the use of image processing have led to an increased demand for such technology.
We are currently working with agricultural research institutes in developing specific tools and systems for conducting analysis of various components. Our customized software systems are being used in research in various departments. These systems are also popular in day-to-day operations, because of their speed, simplicity and ease of use.
Our products in the agricultural sector include:
Seed quality bears a direct influence on the quality of the plant, necessitating seed and agricultural research institutes to inspect and evaluate seed quality. Accurate information relating to various seed parameters, especially physical parameters, is essential in this regard. While research organizations require seed dimensions for assessing yield, seed processing units require this information for designing machinery for seed processing.
The Seed Analyser from ImageProVision is a simple, useful product in this analysis, replacing tedious, manual tasks with simple automated technology for speed, accuracy and efficiency.
Since the stage of seed maturity is another important factor in assessing seed quality, we are in the process of developing software that performs this critical analysis as well.
The Seed Analyser is a unique, innovative system developed by ImageProVision Technology Pvt. Ltd., comprising the seed analyser setup unit and the software. The Seed Analyser is a compact steel box bearing a weighing machine, backlit unit and a set of cameras. The versatile setup enables necessary adjustments for accommodating seeds of varying sizes. The unique combination of strategically placed cameras and the LED light source generate images of the seeds for analysis. The software captures seed images and analyses the physical properties of the seeds.
The seeds to be analysed are placed on the backlight portion of the seed analyser box. The seed analyser unit is connected to a computer via three links - one from the weighing box and the other two from the two cameras. A live feed of the seed may be viewed on the computer, as the software analyses the seed for its physical parameters and records them. The physical parameters of the seed are analysed automatically and a report is generated instantaneously. The software allows users to save the reports and images for future reference and further analysis.
Seed Properties Measured by the Seed Analyser:
- Individual seed weight
- Surface area
- Aspect ratio
- Arithmetic mean diameter
- Shape factor
Optional functions include:
- Classification based on colour
- Identification of defective seeds
Advantages of the Seed Analyser over Manual Measurements
- Automatic analysis
- Accurate measurements
- High speed measurement
- Automatically generated reports
- Images may be saved for later use
Monitoring leaf area is an important aspect of studying physiological features related to plant growth, as well as serving as a useful index in evaluating damage caused by leaf diseases and pests. It also plays an important role in forecasting production, because total leaf area is biologically relevant to the plant's yield and productivity.
Direct methods of estimation cause damage to plants. However, ImageProVision's Leaf Analyser maintains the integrity of the growing leaf, while at the same time enables accurate and easy measurement of leaf paramaters.
This image analysis software system includes a portable camera setup and software. It is used in the measurement of leaf area and other leaf parameters, which bear great importance to agricultural outcomes and research.
The leaf properties measured by the Leaf Analyser include:
- Leaf area
- Leaf length
- Leaf width
- Leaf shape factor
- Leaf aspect ratio
- Automatic analysis - Being a computer-based system, analysis is carried out automatically by the software, requiring no manual intervention
- Real-time analysis on a computer screen
- High accuracy
- Auto calibration facility
- User-friendly camera set-up
- Non-destructive analysis through the use of a portable camera, allowing measurement of leaf growth
- Software can successfully analyse images captured by other cameras also
- Measurements of long leaves may be accurately done without having to cut the leaves from the plant
- Area-related features can be saved along with the images
Various universities and bio-control research organizations, to study bio pesticides, are carrying out extensive research. Although a large percentage of the analysis is performed manually using a microscope, there is always possibility for error in such conditions. ImageProVision Technology Pvt. Ltd. has developed the software-based Cell Colony Analyser system, which eliminates the problems that arise from this manual function. Various hospital research centres also use this product.
The Cell Colony Analyser system comprises of a trinocular research microscope (a microscope with two standard eyepieces and one camera eyepiece), with a high-resolution camera module system. The analyser software automatically analyses the images from the live video feed, marks the area of interest and identifies the cells within this area. It then counts the cells and computes the total cell count per ml using a set formula.
Advantages of the Cell Colony Analyser:
- Delivers consistent, accurate results
- Faster than manual processes
- Image may be viewed on a computer screen for the comfort of the user
- Software generates results automatically in Excel, PDF and print formats
- Images may be saved for later investigation
Working of the Software:
The Cell Colony Analyser software, capable of both static and dynamic imaging and multilayer processing, carries out the following tasks before providing analysis results:
- Automatic identification of square boundary (single line/three lines) based on hemocytometer protocol
- Cell identification and classification based on type, shape and size
- Automatic counting of cells on user-defined specifications and calculation
- Identification and isolation of agglomeration
- Continuous intelligent checks against expert guidelines
- Flexible and customizable reports
Spore analysis is a valuable aspect of agriculture. ImageProVision has formulated the Spore Analyser for automatic analysis of spores for spore count.
In agriculture, the analysis of spores goes a long way in increasing or maintaining quality, and thereby productivity. Our Spore Analyser offers a unique technology for process improvement and ultimately, productivity.
Working of the Software:
The Spore Analyser software carries out the following tasks in analysis before providing results of the analysis:
- Identification of grids
- Identification of spores within each unit grid area
- Counting and classification of spores based on morphology
- Dead and live spore count
- Computation of vitality of spores
- Computation of total spore count in all grids
In farming systems, some species of nematodes prove beneficial, while others are considered pests. The plant-parasitic-nematodes that attack plants, mostly the roots, cause a lot of damage, affecting the yield. Since nematode reproduction occurs very fast, the increasing populations may become harmful to crops in a very short period of time. This necessitates a constant awareness of nematode populations in the soil, in order to check destruction by these worms.
The Nematode Analyser, an innovative software-based system developed by ImageProVision Technology Pvt. Ltd., is extremely useful in analysing and counting nematodes. Our system is currently being used at the Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri, India, with excellent results.
The Nematode Analyser system comprises of a digital microscope (a trinocular microscope where a digital camera is mounted over a binocular microscope). The slide bearing the sample for analysis is placed under the lens, and may be viewed either through the eyepiece of the microscope, or more conveniently, on a computer monitor to which the camera is attached via a USB port. The ImageProVision Camera Capture software delivers high quality video imaging for precision analysis.
The Nematode Analysis software loaded on the computer analyses the video images in real time and:
- Identifies and counts live/dead nematodes
- Counts overlapping nematodes
- Computes physical parameters of nematodes like length, width, colour etc. for their identification
- Generates a report
ImageProVision Technology Pvt. Ltd. has developed the Semen Analyser for automated analysis of sperm in order to assess male fertility for both human and animal categories. The Semen Analyser is currently being used to advantage in the field of animal husbandry, at the Agricultural Universities in India. It provides accurate data on morphology and concentration of sperms as well as the analysis of sperm motility.
With the Semen Analyser, we provide companies with the means of differentiating their services from that of others through a system that is technologically advanced, precise, fast and reliable.
The Semen Analyser system consists of a digital microscope (a trinocular microscope where a digital camera is mounted over a binocular microscope) with an attached stage warmer. The slide with the semen sample is placed under the lens, and may be viewed either through the eyepiece of the microscope, or more conveniently, on a computer monitor to which the camera is attached via a USB port. The ImageProVision Camera Capture software delivers high quality video imaging for precision analysis.
The Semen Analysis software loaded on the computer analyses the video images in real time and:
- Identifies each sperm
- Tracks the movement of each sperm
- Computes the speed of each sperm
- Identifies the motion-type of each sperm - linear or circular
- Classifies the sperms based on motion-type and speed to compute initial semen motility
- Computes the number of straws required for the semen sample
- Generates a report
The software may also compute the post-thaw motility of sperms, and be used for the ACI and HOST tests.